MODIRISK: Monitoring of Mosquito Vectors of Disease (inventory)

Latest version published by Belgian Biodiversity Platform on Jun 8, 2017 Belgian Biodiversity Platform

MODIRISK aims at studying biodiversity of mosquitoes and monitoring/predicting its changes, and hence actively prepares to address issues on the impact of biodiversity change with particular reference to invasive species and the risk to introduce new pathogens. This is essential in the perspective of the ongoing global changes creating suitable conditions for the spread of invasive species and the (re)emergence of vector-borne diseases in Europe. The main strengths of the project in the context of sustainable development are the link between biodiversity and health-environment, and its contribution to the development of tools to better describe the spatial distribution of mosquito biodiversity. MODIRISK addresses key topics of the global initiative Diversitas, which was one of the main drivers of the 'Research programme Science for a Sustainable Development' (SSD). This dataset contains the monitoring data.

The project was coordinated by the Institute of Tropical Medicine ( in Antwerp.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 2,382 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 2,382 records in English (82 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (18 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (13 KB)


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Versteirt V, Dekoninck W, Van Bortel W (2013): MODIRISK: Monitoring of Mosquito Vectors of Disease (inventory). v3.5. Belgium Biodiversity Platform. Dataset/Occurrence.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Belgian Biodiversity Platform. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 6679952f-649b-4888-bd97-00daca4b8cc1.  Belgian Biodiversity Platform publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Belgian Biodiversity Platform.


Occurrence; Observation; mosquito; Cullicidae; vector; desease; monitoring; surveillance


Who created the resource:

Veerle Versteirt
Avia-GIS Rischotlei 33 2980 Zoersel Antwerp
Wouter Dekoninck
RBINS Brussels
Wim Van Bortel
ITG Antwerp BE

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Veerle Versteirt
Avia-GIS Rischotlei 33 2980 Zoersel Antwerp

Who filled in the metadata:

Veerle Versteirt
Avia-GIS Rischotlei 33 2980 Zoersel Antwerp

Who else was associated with the resource:

Dimitri Brosens
Belgian Biodiversity Platform Kliniekstraat 25 9050 Brussels België BE 32497354796
Wouter Dekoninck
RBINS Vautierstraat 29 1000 Brussels Brussels Capital Region BE
Wim Van Bortel
ITG Stockholm BE
Thierry Hance

Geographic Coverage


Bounding Coordinates South West [49.4, 2.39], North East [51.54, 6.57]

Taxonomic Coverage

Diptera; Cullicidae; Reinert, 2000 ! Taxonomical problem... Aedes (splitt.. biodiversity & health)

Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Diptera
Family  Cullicidae
Subfamily  Anophelinae,  Cullicinae

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2007-01-01 / 2011-01-01

Project Data

Knowledge of the taxonomic and functional biodiversity of both endemic and invading vector mosquito species as well as the factors driving change, is missing in Belgium. Acquiring this knowledge is an essential step towards understanding current risk and preparing for future treads. Therefore the objectives of the project MODIRISK (Mosquito vectors of disease: spatial biodiversity, drivers of change, and risk) were (1) to inventory endemic and invading mosquito species in Belgium considering environmental and taxonomic elements of biodiversity, (2) to assess the population dynamics of endemic and invasive mosquito species and their interrelationship (3) to model mosquito biodiversity distribution at a one km resolution in the Benelux, and (4) to disseminate project outputs to the scientific community, end users and the general public. During the first phase (years 2007-2008), the project focused on the inventory activities; setting–up laboratory experiments for studying life history traits of Culex pipiens in relation to temperature and the first selection of models based on the field results. Whilst during the second phase of the project (years 2009-2010) the focus was on the spatial model building and validation, on the longitudinal study and dynamics of selected indigenous and exotic species that were found during the inventory of the first phase and on more population genetic driven research.

Funding BELSPO
Study Area Description The area studies covers the entire Belgian Area.

The personnel involved in the project:

Principal Investigator
Veerle Versteirt
Wouter Dekoninck
Wim Van Bortel
Eva De Clercq
David Damiens
Audrey Ayrinhac
Frans Jacobs

Sampling Methods

All samples were taken with the Mosquito magnet liberty PLUS. A CO2 baited trap. During the field work, twenty seven traps operated simultaneously (9 by team). Each trap operated seven days on one study site after which it was placed on the next study site. During the first phase of the project (inventory), field work was done on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday: each day three traps were emptied and replaced. The remaining days were used for the organisation of the field work and the morphological identification of the collected mosquitoes. During the second phase of the project (validation), each field team was free to organise the field work as suited

Study Extent Corine land cover: arban, nature and agriculture were sampled from 2007 to 2011. The cross-sectional field survey was conducted in 2007 and 2008 by use of a network of CO2-baited Mosquito Magnet Liberty Plus traps throughout Belgium in three key habitats. These habitats (urban, agriculture and nature) were selected based on the Corine database. Twenty seven traps operated simultaneously (nine per team, three teams leaded by three partner institutes). Each trap operated seven days on one study site after which it was placed on the next study site. During the inventory 936 randomly selected sites were selected of which 97% were sampled. Additionally sites in import risk areas were sampled to evaluate the presence of exotic mosquito species in Belgium. At the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS) about 1400 mosquito-specimens from the Belgian collection of the Entomology Department were screened and if needed, added to the collection. These data, "collection data" are available through
Quality Control The identifications where made by 3 independent specialists. Yearly a quality control of the samples were done by a independent specialist. (double check). Also a DNA barcoding was performed to double check on the specimens.

Method step description:

  1. Sample protocol: Sample, identification

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Changes in Species Richness and Spatial Distribution of Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) Inferred From Museum Specimen Records and a Recent Inventory: A Case Study From Belgium Suggests Recent Expanded Distribution of Arbovirus and Malaria Vectors W. Dekoninck Journal of Medical Entomology(2013),50(2):237
  2. V. Versteirt, S. Boyer, D. Damiens, E.M. De Clercq, W. Dekoninck, E. Ducheyne, P. Grootaert, C. Garros, T. Hance, G. Hendrickx, M. Coosemans and W. Van Bortel Nationwide inventory of mosquito biodiversity (Diptera: Culicidae) in Belgium, Europe. Bulletin of Entomological Research, Available on CJO 2012 doi:10.1017/S0007485312000521
  3. Versteirt V., De Clercq E., Dekoninck W., Damiens D., Ayrinhac A., Jacobs F. & Van Bortel W. "Mosquito vectors of disease: spatial biodiversity, drivers of change, and risk". Final Report. Brussels : Belgian Science Policy 2009 –152 p. (Research Programme Science for a Sustainable Development)

Additional Metadata

This dataset is linked with 2 other mosquito related datasets. One datset used for longitudinal study and the historical dataset from RBINS. The database server uses Windows Server 2003 SBS R2 as operating system, and is running IIS with PHP for site development, MS SQL Server for database development and SQL Server Mobile Tools to allow remote access from a PDA. Three types of MODIRISK forms were prepared by the MODIRISK coordinator and adapted during a group session at Project SD/BD/04 - Mosquito vectors of disease: spatial biodiversity, drivers of change, and risk “MODIRISK” SSD-Science for a Sustainable Development - Biodiversity 19 ITM: (1) Field form, (2) Morphological identification form, (3) Mosquito storage form. Based on these, relevant tables (Figure 5) were developed by Avia-GIS, implemented in the database, and transferred to the web server.

Purpose Abstract
Alternative Identifiers 6679952f-649b-4888-bd97-00daca4b8cc1