Florient - a database dealing with historic wild plant occurrences

Latest version published by Ghent University on Dec 14, 2021 Ghent University
Publication date:
14 December 2021
Published by:
Ghent University
CC0 1.0

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 7,178 records in English (208 KB) - Update frequency: not planned
Metadata as an EML file download in English (13 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (12 KB)


Florient - a database dealing with historic wild plant occurrences is an occurrence dataset published by Ghent University and the Belgian Biodiversity Platform. The FLORIENT database is based on the herbarium of Charles Van Hoorebeke (1790-1821), in which he recorded nearly all wild plants that occurred in the province of East Flanders. A prospectus of his planned publication about this, the "Flore de la Flandre Orientale", appeared in 1821. That same year he died. As a result of which his work never appeared in print and the data were not available. Frans Roucel (1765-1831), a contemporary from Aalst, focused in his published floras (from 1792 and 1803) on rare wild plants and their use, and went into more detail about the growing conditions of the species. The combination of information from both works provides an exceptionally complete and detailed picture of the flora of East Flanders around the beginning of the 19th century, before the industrial and agricultural revolution. The digital collection is also available at www.botanicalcollections.be

This dataset contains historic wild plant occurrences (early 19th century). Here it is published as a standardized Darwin Core Archive and includes for each record an eventID, date, location, sampling protocol, occurrenceID, the number of recorded individuals, status (present/absent), . Issues with the dataset can be reported at https://github.com/BelgianBiodiversityPlatform/data-publication-bbpf/tree/main/datasets/florient-occurrences

Generalized and/or withheld information: as these are historic occurrences, the location is geocoded to the municipality as it originally appeared in the data.

We have released this dataset to the public domain under a Creative Commons Zero waiver. We would appreciate it if you follow the INBO norms for data use (https://www.inbo.be/en/norms-data-use) when using the data. If you have any questions regarding this dataset, don't hesitate to contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 7,178 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Vannerum K, Van den Brempt P, Lambrecht T, Brosens D (2021): Florient - a database dealing with historic wild plant occurrences. v1.4. Ghent University. Dataset/Occurrence. https://ipt.biodiversity.be/resource?r=florient-occurrences&v=1.4


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Ghent University. To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: c9e31c10-6986-4795-8244-30ad2486d0bb.  Ghent University publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Belgian Biodiversity Platform.


Occurrence; Specimen; Plants; herbarium; historic; Ghent; Flanders

External data

The resource data is also available in other formats


Katrijn Vannerum
  • Metadata Provider
  • Originator
  • Point Of Contact
Ghent University
Paul Van den Brempt
  • Originator
Thijs Lambrecht
  • Originator
Ghent University
Dimitri Brosens
  • Metadata Provider
  • Originator
  • Point Of Contact
Research Institute for Nature and Forest/ Belgian Biodiversity Platform

Geographic Coverage

Province of East Flanders, Belgium A few occurrences originate from outside the province.

Bounding Coordinates South West [50.74, 3.012], North East [51.31, 5.27]

Taxonomic Coverage

Vascular plants

Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Embryophyta
Unranked Tracheophyta

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1803-01-01 / 1819-12-31

Project Data

No Description available

Title Florient: twee eeuwen Oost-Vlaamse flora
Funding Flemish Government, Provincie Oost-Vlaanderen and Ghent University
Study Area Description Flanders, Belgium

The personnel involved in the project:

Katrijn Vannerum
  • Point Of Contact

Collection Data

Collection Name Ghent University Herbarium
Collection Identifier GENT

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Universiteit Gent, Collectie Plantentuin, Herbarium Charles Van Hoorebeke
  2. Koninklijke Maatschappij voor Landbouw en Plantkunde, Gent, catalogi bij het Herbarium Charles Van Hoorebeke
  3. Flore de Gand, erfgoedproject gesubsidieerd door de Vlaamse Overheid, 2018-2021
  4. Roucel F. A., Traité des plantes les moins fréquentes, qui croissent naturellement dans les environs des villes de Gand, d’Alost, de Termonde et Bruxelles (Brussel, 1792).
  5. Roucel F. A., Flore du nord de la France ou description des plantes indigènes et de celles cultivées dans les départements de la Lys, de l’Escaut, de la Dyle et des Deux-Nèthes (Paris, 1803).
  6. Mussche J. H., Hortus Gandavensis ou tableau général de toutes les plantes exotiques et indigènes, cultivées dans le jardin botanique de la ville de Gand (Gent, 1817).
  7. Lambinon J., de Langhe J. E., Delvosalle L. e.a., Flora van België, het Groothertogdom Luxemburg, Noord-Frankrijk en de aangrenzende gebieden (Pteridofyten en Spermatofyten) (Meise, 1998).
  8. Van Landuyt W., Vanhecke L. en Hoste I. (2006), “Rode Lijst van de vaatplanten van Vlaanderen en het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest”, in: W. Van Landuyt e.a. (eds.), Atlas van de flora van Vlaanderen en het Brussels Gewest (Brussel, 2006), pp. 69–81.
  9. Van Landuyt W. en Brosens D. Florabank1 - A grid-based database on vascular plant distribution in the northern part of Belgium (Flanders and the Brussels capital region). Version 45.13. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO), 2020 (accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-12-10). https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.12.2849
  10. www.waarnemingen.be, Stichting Observation International en Natuurpunt (laatst geraadpleegd op 10/12/2020).

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers c9e31c10-6986-4795-8244-30ad2486d0bb