Wild bees of Belgium

Latest version published by Belgian Biodiversity Platform on Dec 19, 2019 Belgian Biodiversity Platform

Multidiciplinary assessment of BELgian wild BEE decline to adapt mitigation management policy (BELBEES) The present dataset includes all data about Belgian wild bees since the very beginning of the regional observations. It is comprehensive until 2018. It includes not only the numerous data issued from the digitization of collection material but also literature records and a huge number of validated data from citizen science networks. see project Data for more

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 236,585 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 236,585 records in English (7 MB) - Update frequency: irregular
Metadata as an EML file download in English (11 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (8 KB)


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Wild bees of Belgium v.2019_06_29 UMons P.Rasmont D.Michez, UGent G.Smagghe D.De Graaf, UNamur N.Dendoncker, ULiege M.Dufrene, RBIN JL Boeve A Pauly, Natuurpunt.be JDHaeseler, Natagora JLPaquet, pierre.rasmont@umons.ac.be


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Belgian Biodiversity Platform. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 0d7c6a1a-0aab-47dc-8256-f23fefac69cd.  Belgian Biodiversity Platform publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Belgian Biodiversity Platform.




Who created the resource:

Pierre Rasmont
University of Mons BE

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Pierre Rasmont
University of Mons BE

Who filled in the metadata:

André Heughebaert
Node Manager
Belgian Biodiversity Platform 30 Simon Bolivar Bld 1000 Bruxelles Belgique BE

Who else was associated with the resource:

University of Namur BE
Jean-Luc BOEVE
Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences BE
University of Ghent BE
University of Ghent BE
University of Liège BE
Principal Investigator
Pierre Rasmont
University of Mons BE
Jens d'Haeseleer
Jean-Yves Paquet
Yvan Barbier

Geographic Coverage


Bounding Coordinates South West [49.503, 2.515], North East [51.502, 6.394]

Taxonomic Coverage

No Description available

Order  Hymenoptera

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1810-01-01 / 2018-01-01

Project Data

Recent researches show a general decline of pollinators in the world. With a long naturalist tradition, the dynamics of biodiversity in Belgium is one of the best known in the world. A previous analysis of the distribution of wild bees showed that out of 360 species, almost one third were already extinct or in regression. Since then, the situation is probably worse as in other countries. However, we lack detailed data to assess both the magnitude of the decline and the nature of the explanatory drivers involved. Now, environmental and economic issues related to pollination ecosystem service "pollination" become critical. Some restoration actions are launched at the federal and regional levels, but it is essential to clearly identify the causal factors and their combination in order to act properly. Several hypotheses are cited to explain the disappearance of pollinators: • climate change • changes in the structure of rural landscapes that increase the fragmentation and isolation of populations leading to loss of genetic diversity • increasing agricultural intensification and standardization of production processes eliminating food sources • the use of pesticides that may have direct and indirect effects on populations of pollinators • the development of diseases The general goals of the project are: 1) to collect and analyze data on recent changes in wild bee populations in Belgium, and 2) to assess the respective roles of different assumptions on the decline to identify field action combinations needed to restore pollination service in agro-ecosystems. Project partners: * BDFGM, Banque de Données Fauniques de Gembloux et Mons. Database co-owned by UMons and ULiège - Gembloux Agro-BioTech. It includes BDFGM_Mons and BDFGM_Gx * UMons, Université de Mons: database management, digitization of collections and literature, sampling in nature * RBINS, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences: digitization of collections and literature, sampling in nature. it includes the RBIN_Pauly, for the data digitized by Alain Pauly. * UGent, Universiteit van Gent: sampling in nature * UNamur, Université de Namur: sampling in nature * ULg, Université de Liège - Gembloux Agro-Biotech: digitization of collections and literature * Natuurpunt: digitization of collection material, citizen science network administration. It includes Natuurpunt_WID after the name of one of the subgroup of Natuurpunt organisation. * Natagora: citizen science network administration * DEMNA Service Public de Wallonie

Title Multidisciplinary assessment of Belgian wild bees decline to adapt mitigation management policy (BELBEES)
Identifier BR/132/A1/BELBEES
Funding Research project BR/132/A1/BELBEES funded by BELSPO

The personnel involved in the project:

Principal Investigator
Pierre Rasmont

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers https://ipt.biodiversity.be/resource?r=belbees